The Components of the Pontic lyra

The Pontic Lyra (kemenche) is made up of several components, each of which serves a basic purpose. Listed from 1 through to 11, the following are the basic components of the lyra, each of which has a name which describes the function of that particular part.

For instance, the bridge is called a Gaidaron (Gr: Γαϊδαρον) which means 'donkey'  in the Pontic dialect. It's function is to carry a heavy load, that of the 3 chords, and it also looks like a donkey saddle.  Another example is the Palikar (Gr: Παλικάρ) which means 'strong man' in Pontic. It's purpose is to hold the 3 chords in place at the base of the lyra.


COMPONENT (in Pontic) - MEANING - COMPONENT (in English)

1. Otia (Ωτία) - Ears - Tuning Pegs
2. Kifal (Κιφάλ) - Head - Peg Box
3. Ghoula (Γούλα) - Neck - Hand rest
4. Glossa/Gravat (Γλώσσα/Γραβάτ)- Tongue/Tie - Fingerboard
5. Kapaki (Καπάκι)- Cover - Soundboard
6. Rothonia (Ρωθόνια) - Nostrils - Soundholes
7. Gaidaron (Γαϊδαρον)- Donkey - Bridge
8. Palikar (Παλικάρ) - Strong Man - Tailpiece
9. Skafee (Σκαφή) - Trough - Main Body
10. Stulari (Στουλάρ) - Post - Sound Post
11. Khordes (Χορδές) - Strings - Chords


For more information on the Pontic lyra:

- The Pontic lyra (Kemenche)

- The Kemenche