Kromni - Κρώμνη - Krom

The church of Saint Christophoros, Lykast, Kromni. Source

Kromni (Gr: Κρώμνη, Tr: Krom) is a town located in the historic province of Chaldea and the region of Trebizond (today Trabzon) some 60km from the Black Sea. It is located on the mountain Paryadres east of the Pontic alps some 2,000m above sea level. To the north it borders onto Matsouka and the village Larahani, to the east Santa, to the south Yemora and to the west Partin, Varenou and Mousanton. Many rivers that empty into the Black Sea have origins in Kromni. Administratively it was sub-administered (kaimakam) by Toroul with its seat at Ardassa and was governed (moutaseriff) at Argyroupolis. Ecclesiastically it belonged in the Diocese of Chaldea with its seat at Argyroupolis.

By the second half of the 19th century Kromni comprised approximately 6,000 residents. Just prior to the exchange (1923) there were only 250 living there. The majority of its residents were Christians from sea-side towns who fled from the Turks following the fall of Trebizond in 1461. The region was divided into 15 settlements some small and some large and included 12 churches and 1 school.  Up until 1914 there were no Turks living in Kromni.
The 15 settlements of Kromni were:

Siamananton, Mantzanton, Franganton, Glouvena, Zemperekia, Siehnanton, Alithinos, Mochora, Saranton, Kodonanton, Rakan, Tsachmatanton, Roustanton, Nanak and Loria.


Most current sources refer to Kromni today as Kurum although Krom, Korom, Korum and Eskikiran are also used. Although the town is deserted, approximately 27 churches still remain in various stages of disrepair. 

The church of Saint Theodore, Lykast, Kromni. Source

stavrin map papadopoulos

Map source



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